In the early 1990s, the Internet began to spread around the world, and the network of enterprises also developed rapidly. Before the Internet was not widely used, basically all enterprises adopt the client server (C/S) architecture, but the client server can only solve the problem of networking in the local domain. After the rise of the Internet, different places can be networked, and enterprises are beginning to move toward networking.
In addition to the application of the Internet, there are two main directions for enterprise networking. One is the intranet, which connects all the information systems of various departments and subordinate units in the enterprise to one online, whether they are in Beijing or in India. Or Mexico. This greatly improves the efficiency and effectiveness of the internal business operations. Of course, only the exchange of information and data has been realized, and it has not been intelligent.
The other one is the external network. The external contacts of the company are all carried out via the Internet. In other words, open a part of the intranet to the external cooperation unit and seek horizontal access. For example, if a car is produced, the production plan will be opened to the upstream seat factory, and the latter can enter the internal network of the company to understand the production progress of the relevant departments in order to provide accurate and timely supply. After the company is connected to the bank, as long as the seat is accepted by the automobile manufacturer, the bank will automatically pay the upstream supplier. In this way, the integration of external information systems is achieved.
The networking of manufacturing and production brought about by the Internet is based on internal and external networks. This can be seen as the core connotation of the early "Internet + manufacturing." It can be said that "Internet + Manufacturing" actually began in the 1990s.
The major technological breakthroughs brought about by the network of manufacturing industry are at least in the following three aspects.
The first is the associated design system. In a virtual design and manufacturing environment, the network can support hundreds of online users to perform real-time design at the same time, so that the overall three-dimensional design results of a system or an equipment are interrelated. One of the fundamental driving forces behind IBM's early development of computer-aided design was that digital drawings could be transmitted online and manufactured at any IBM facility around the world. At the time, the design speed of new products was 16 times faster, and the speed of product changes and updates was hundreds of times higher. "Internet +" opens up an unimaginable space for the improvement of manufacturing capabilities, which is a brand-new competitive advantage for enterprises.
The second is a networked collaborative platform. Networking brings not only the exchange of information, but also the collaborative work of engineering staff. Some large companies, such as Boeing, have taken the lead in building their own very powerful networked collaboration platform. Boeing, Lockheed in September 2000? The US and British anti-aircraft giants represented by Martin, Raytheon, BAE and R&R initiated the establishment of the famous Exostar to explore the supply chain network synergy of the defense aviation industry. Currently, there are six major manufacturers of supply chain management and collaboration through Exostar, covering 16,000 professional suppliers of different sizes. Subsequently, the four giants of the European defense aviation industry, Airbus, Dassault Aviation, Safran and Thales, also followed the footsteps of American competitors and initiated the establishment of a networked collaborative manufacturing platform BoostAeroSpace belonging to the European defense aviation industry. In 2011, it officially provided services to customers in the industry.
The third is full 3D annotation technology. Any product can be easily decomposed and generated by computer software and systems by making 3D drawings. This allows companies to form a single data source management. The Digital Thread, which the US Department of Defense and Aerospace have attached great importance to in recent years, is also the development and extension of such a technology.
However, whether it is related design, networked collaborative platform or full 3D annotation, the fundamental support behind it is not the network, but the industrial software. All of this is supported by a variety of industrial software. The industrial products that China has not been able to produce today, which may be important, may be due to the lack of corresponding industrial software-supported manufacturing equipment. There are many core technologies that are difficult to break through in integrated circuits. Among them, the design of integrated circuits is an important part. The design drawings of high-end integrated circuits are not painted by humans and are drawn by computer-aided design software. Without the most advanced software, it is impossible to design the most advanced integrated circuits. If foreign countries only sell the design software of the first two generations and the first three generations, then China can only design the products of the first two generations and the first three generations. The importance of industrial software is evident.