At present, most of the robots used for production are huge, and they are powerfully waving their robotic arms, causing serious harm to anyone who dares to approach and other creatures. The work they can do is also simple and rude, such as welding, painting, lifting, and building heavy-duty components.
And as the next generation of robots that can subvert future manufacturing, they are completely different, they are smarter, more flexible, easier to work with, and more adaptable. The application of these robots will bring great changes to the factory, thus changing the competitive landscape of the global industry.
The robots that are currently entering the factory and the robots being developed in the lab are completely different types. They work side by side with workers, not only do not pose a danger to workers, but also achieve efficient synergy. They can be assembled to produce a wide range of products, from aircraft engines to smartphones. Soon, some robots that can easily pre-program the program will be used for production, and they no longer need to be monitored manually.
These robots will not only change the way in which more and more products are manufactured, but also completely change the competitive landscape between companies and countries. Now that robots are getting cheaper and easier to buy, they will help small manufacturers compete face-to-face with the giants. Robots can reduce labor costs, and high-paying countries will no longer have to outsource some of their production processes to countries with cheap labor, while countries that could only export cheap labor will also get higher pay for industrial upgrading.
Some of the latest robots are designed to perform the care and skill required to assemble consumer electronics, and most of this work is now done manually by workers. At least one company now claims that its robots will sew garments, taking the most common “hard work” from the workers.
Industrial robots are currently most commonly found in automobile manufacturers. The automotive industry has been the industry with the most robotics for a long time. Heavy lifting, welding, sizing and painting are done by robots “simple and rude”, and most of them The final assembly process must be done manually, especially with small parts and wiring.
In the near future, robots will be able to take on the work that requires flexible skills.
At the car factory in Creon, France, robots made by Danish technology companies are screwing screws into the engine, which is difficult to reach in some parts of the engine, which is the advantage of production robots. These robots use a 1.3-meter-long robotic arm with six swivel joints for precise and meticulous work. It also ensures that all components are properly handled and that the correct parts are used.
Current production robots have many trends in their characteristics. One of them is that they are getting lighter and lighter. The assembly line robot used in the above-mentioned car production plant in Lyon, France, weighs less than 29 kilograms and can be easily relocated by a worker to any location. The person in charge of the company said that the robot is "very practical" and that the company will increase the proportion of such robots in large quantities in 2019.
Researchers hope to develop more robots that can be easily installed and moved around, and companies no longer need to spend a lot of money to buy tools and equipment that are fixed to the ground. With these robots, manufacturers can produce niche or custom-made products without spending a lot of time and money re-engineering the factory. Henrik Christensen, director of the Georgia Institute of Technology Robotics Research Center: "We are phasing out the cumbersome machines and equipment that can only do one job and switch to robots that can be easily changed."
Another major trend in robotics that is occurring is: “Strong collaboration”, which can work close to workers.
Nowadays, the power of most factory robots to swing steel arms is comparable to that of war machines. Once workers are approached, they may cause accidental injuries. Collaborative robots use radar, sonar, camera or other smart technology to detect human activity around them. They will perceive themselves if someone is close, and if they are found close, they will slow down or stop working to avoid harm to humans.
The person in charge of the relevant R&D team also said that the upgrade iteration of the robot will not affect the employment of human beings, but will increase the income of human work. However, if human beings want to get such a job, they need to use their brains more, instead of Hands.
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