Industry 4.0, widely called as the 4th industrial revolution is making progress these days, and manufacturing is also undergoing a major transformation. The new technology and manufacturing methods will bring great value to our enterprises. The industrial robot market has grown rapidly in the global market, with sales ranging from 113,000 units in 2008 to 384,000 units in 2018, which has nearly tripled in 10 years. Obviously, technologies such as robotics, artificial intelligence (AI), and the Internet of Things (IoT) will gradually become core technologies in the industrial process.
On the other hand, while the global economic growth is slowing down, the cost of labor is increasing year by year. The problem of aging issue is becoming more and more serious. It is increasingly difficult for companies to recruit the best workers, especially some repetitive and low-value job positions. Current young people are even less willing to participate, the era of cheap labor is coming to the end, industrial robots are officially on the front line, and will eventually replace these labors to take over these boring jobs.
In general, industrial robots have a good market and application environments. The replacement of machines is also recognized as the current trend. In order to promote the development of the manufacturing industry, all governments around the world have also strongly supported the modern manufacturing industry, which has promoted the rapid development of the robot industry and created an excellent environment for the rapid development of modern industrial robots.
According to the latest report of the International Federation of Robotics (IFR), global industrial robot sales reached US$16.5 billion in 2018, setting a new record. The latest data shows that global industrial robot shipments in 2008 were 422,000, an increase of 6% from 381,000 in 2017. The International Robotics Federation expects shipments to a small decline in 2019, however it still will maintain a 12% compound annual growth rate in the next few years.
In recent years, due to the conservative trade protection policy of the US government, China-US trade has brought many uncertainties to the world, which has led to the delay of many corporate investment plans. However, the installation of industrial robots has reached 400,000 units per year. The prospect of robots is still very clear. With the continuous automation trend and technological improvement, industrial robots will maintain double-digit growth in the next few years.
From a data report in 2018, China, Japan, South Korea, the United States and Germany have become the top 5 global industrial robots, covering around 74% of the global industrial robot market. China has been already the world's largest industrial robot market, covering for 36% of the total installation. Last year, the installed capacity of industrial robots in China was three times than in Japan, and in the top five markets, the number of the last four combined is similar to that of the Chinese market. It can be seen that the demand for industrial robots in China is growing, and it is also in a leading position in the market. According to IFR statistics, China installed 154,000 units last year, with a total value of $5.4 billion. Although it has 1% decline from the 2017 figure, this number is far greater than the few countries behind.
On the other hand, robot density is a measure of the use of robots in a regional market, in units of 10,000 workers. At present, 85 robots per 10,000 workers are global average density, and today's global robot density rankings are South Korea (710 units), Singapore (658 units), Germany (322 units), Japan (308 units), Sweden (240). Denmark (230 units) and the United States (200 units).
As the largest industrial robot market in China, the robot density is only 97 units per 10,000 people, ranking 21 in the world, far lower than other countries. It can be concluded that China's future industrial robot market still has a big space for growth. In the next few years, China will be further consolidated in the world's five major industrial robot markets.
From the market situation in 2018, the automotive industry is still the main market for industrial robots. With the popularity of new energy vehicles and the concept of autonomous driving, this industry will continue to rise.
Although the electronics industry has been negatively affected, with the intelligent trend of artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, machine vision, etc., such as smart home, wearable medical, smart city and other scenes, there will be a big space for growth in the future. .
From the perspective of product types, SCARA, which is low-cost and easy to program, will be more popular in the market, and in the future, a large number of lightweight small industrial robots will be required in the electronics manufacturing industry.
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