The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is one of the most promising and worthwhile aspects of Industry 4.0. In fact, it is basically the backbone of Industry 4.0.
Broadly speaking, it describes a way to connect digital systems to physical systems to produce an intelligent, transparent, and efficient infrastructure. You may have heard the word "smart factory". If you can understand the concept, you know that it is the future of manufacturing. However, we cannot achieve this without a significant investment in digital physical systems and IoT devices.
Industrial IoT tools allow factories to monitor their environmental conditions—humidity, temperature, lighting control, etc.—and change them automatically or through remote human-computer interaction as needed. However, this is not all.
Factories investing in IIoT technology can also better understand their operational data, for example, when connected material handling equipment monitors slower or blocked conveyor belt moving products, it can act as a regulator of product throughput.
IIOT equipment also makes maintenance work smarter and more proactive. Factory equipment can measure its own performance when maintenance is required and issue maintenance notifications in a timely manner, usually before a complete failure of the equipment.
There are more use cases for Industry 4.0. In fact, it also extends to each of the following technical areas and provides a central system for other technologies to work together.