1. Carry out the overall planning of the smart factory
The construction of intelligent factories needs to realize the information integration of IT systems and automation systems; handle heterogeneous data with diverse sources, including massive data such as equipment, production, materials, quality, energy consumption; scientific plant layout planning should be carried out to meet the production process Requirement, on the basis of optimizing business processes, improving logistics efficiency and improving the comfort level of workers' work. The advancement of smart factories requires the cooperation of the company's IT department, automation department, lean promotion department and business department. Manufacturing companies should be trained in smart factory-related technologies, select intelligent manufacturing consulting services with practical experience, and jointly plan a blueprint for promoting smart factory construction. Industry differences should be noted in planning, because the manufacturing processes of products in different industries vary greatly, and the goals and priorities of smart factory construction are also significantly different.
2. Establish clear smart factory standards
In the construction of smart factories, enterprises often neglect the establishment of management and technical standards, which easily lead to the lack of data standards, one product and multiple codes; the implementation of operating standards is not in place; the lack of equipment management standards, different devices use different communication protocols, resulting in The equipment integration is difficult; the management process is complicated, the job rights are not matched; the quality inspection standards are not implemented properly, which leads to many problems such as batch quality problems. Therefore, it is necessary to establish clear smart factory standards, such as business process management specifications, equipment inspection maintenance standards and smart factory evaluation standards, intelligent equipment standards, smart factory system integration standards, industrial Internet standards, and master data management standards. technical standard.
3. Emphasis on the construction of intelligent processing units
At present, the application of intelligent processing units in China's manufacturing enterprises is still in its infancy, but it is bound to be the direction of development. Intelligent processing units can use intelligent technology to integrate CNC, industrial robots, machining centers and less-automated equipment to make them more flexible and more productive.
4. Emphasize human-machine collaboration rather than machine substitution
The ultimate goal of a smart factory is not to build an unmanned factory, but to pursue the market's individualized needs at a reasonable cost. Therefore, human-machine collaboration will become the main trend of the future development of smart factories. The most important feature of human-computer collaboration is that it can make full use of people's flexibility to complete complex and varied tasks. In key positions, it is more important to have more people's judgment and decision-making ability, while robots are good at repeating labor.
5. Actively apply emerging technologies
In the future, AR (Augmented Reality) technology will be widely applied to equipment maintenance and personnel training in the factory. Workers with AR glasses can “see” the working position that needs to be operated. For example, where the bolts need to be tightened, when screwed into place, there will be corresponding prompts to improve the work efficiency of the workers; the maintenance personnel can use the physical scan code to superimpose the virtual model and the physical model, and display in the virtual model. Equipment model, working parameters and other information, and according to the instructions in the AR maintenance operation; AR technology can also help equipment maintenance personnel to compare physical operating parameters with digital models, locate problems as soon as possible, and give possible analysis of the cause of failure. In addition, digital factory simulation technology can realize comprehensive simulation and analysis of static layout and dynamic logistics process based on discrete event modeling, 3D geometric modeling, visual simulation and optimization, so that digital production systems and even all factories can be established first. Run simulation based on the established process.