Relative to industrialized countries, promoting the intelligent transformation of China's manufacturing industry, the environment is more complicated, the situation is more severe, and the task is more arduous. China still faces many problems in the process of developing intelligent manufacturing. For example, key common technologies and core equipment are subject to people, intelligent manufacturing standards/software/network/information security is weak, and the new model of intelligent manufacturing is not mature enough. Insufficient and lack of international industry giants and intelligent manufacturing talents across the border.
Xin Guobin believes that there are still three changes in the current situation: First, the key core technologies and equipment are not fundamentally changed by the people; second, in the global industrial chain division, the overall situation is still in the middle and low-end, and the third is the former The external competitive environment of post-chasing and double-sided attack has not changed.
In addition, in recent years, most of the innovative companies with high valuations are concentrated in the fields of e-commerce, Internet finance, logistics, culture and entertainment, and are rarely in manufacturing.
In view of this situation, Zhang Wenkui, deputy director of the Enterprise Research Institute of the Development Research Center of the State Council, believes that China's manufacturing industry has been deeply embedded in the globalization system. From a global perspective, China's manufacturing value-added rate is at a low level globally. On the one hand, the value-added rate of industries in the United States, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Japan, and even the Netherlands, Switzerland, and Sweden is about 40%, compared with about 10 percentage points in China. On the other hand, industries with higher industrial value-added rates in China are generally monopolistic and resource-based upstream industries, such as mining, tobacco and other industries, and the industrial value-added rate of downstream industries such as electronic products is very low. From a productivity perspective, China's manufacturing productivity is only about 40% of that of the United States, and Japan and South Korea are more than 60%.
Only when "Made in China" becomes "China's wisdom" can China's manufacturing industry become stronger and stronger. Zhang Wenkui suggested that the enthusiasm of local private enterprises and foreign-funded enterprises should be mobilized, and fiscal and taxation policies should be used to support the manufacturing industry through existing channels. For example, subsidies should be transferred from supplementary construction to supplementary operations, supplementing research and development, especially in basic research. .
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