X86 -based industrial computers are much faster and stronger than ARM -based industrial computers. The advantage of ARM lies in its efficiency. ARM uses the RISC pipeline instruction set, which is at a disadvantage in completing comprehensive work, and its advantages can be used to the fullest in applications with relatively fixed tasks.
X86 -based industrial computers use a "bridge" method to connect to expansion devices (such as hard disks, memory, etc.), and X86 -based industrial computers can easily expand performance, such as adding memory and hard disks.
ARM -based industrial computers use a dedicated data interface to connect the CPU to data storage devices. Therefore, it is difficult to expand the performance of ARM 's storage and memory (generally, the capacity of its memory and data storage has been determined during product design). ARM -based industrial computers generally do not consider expansion.
Third, the operating system compatibility
Almost all X86 hardware platforms can directly use Microsoft's Windows system and almost all popular tools and softwares, so the X86 system has unparalleled advantages in terms of compatibility.
ARM almost uses the Linux operating system, and almost all hardware systems have to build their own systems, which are not compatible with other systems, which also makes their application software not easy to transplant and restricts the development and application of ARM . After the development of the Android system, the operating system of the ARM- based computer was unified , so that the newly launched ARM -based computer system had a unified, open, and free operating system, which provided strong support and power for the development of ARM .
Fourth, the convenience of software development and the diversity of available tools
In terms of software development, the X86 architecture is easier, simpler, and lower in actual cost than the ARM architecture. At the same time, it is easier to find third-party software (eliminating the time and cost of own development), and software migration is easier.
Five, power consumption
In terms of servers, workstations, and other high-performance computing applications, regardless of conditions such as power consumption and use environment, X86 has the absolute advantage; however, under the constraints of power consumption, environment, and other conditions and fixed tasks, ARM has a large Big advantage.